From Modernity to After-Modernity. (26)

What follows is the table of content of the 25 posts I published during the past winter 2015-2016. These posts form part 2 of "From Modernity to After-Modernity" that addresses my personal theoretical views about societal evolution and the arts. This part 2 ended up totaling 204,122 words or some 750 book pages. I thought a table of content of this material could be useful to those of my readers who would want to read or re-read some specific parts of the content.  To find the post relating to the subject that interests you please go here.

Part 3 will address the paradigm shift that has already been set in motion during Late-Modernity. In other worlds part 3 shall address the formation of a new worldview, a new form of societal organization, and a new understanding of the arts that will replace the models of Modernity in the coming future... This will be the subject of my writing during the winter 2016-2017.

Until then I wish you all a very creative summer.


Table of Content


Chapter 1. Formation of human knowledge
1.1. the historical context
     1.1.1. Inaccessibility of reality to human reason
      1.1.2. Societal approximations of reality
      1.1.3. The history of homo-sapient delineates two eras.
       tribal societies-animism
       power societies – ideologies
      1.1.4. Each species dreams up its worldview
      1.1.5. The human specie uses art to share its worldview
     Visual arts = convey meaning to the brain
     music = induce feelings and predispositions
     dance = illuminate the mind to meaning
      1.1.6. About the unevenness of worldviews.

1.2. non-power societies = tribes & animism
      1.2.1. Necessity to clarify the meaning of words.
      1.2.2. Vodoo as an illustration
     Fon animism was characterized by the following
     What happened to that belief system?
      1.2.3. Animism and tribal societies
     The transmission of knowledge under animism

                       A. Secret apprenticeship
                       B. Possession of the mind by the spirit of the universe
    The spirits
                       A. Spirit-Mates
                       B. Spirit-Twins
                       C. Feedback between the one and its components.
     The spirits' human vessels
                       A. Soul-Mates
                       B. Soul-twins and Flames.
    An approximation of the intelligence of the universe
1.3. power societies
      1.3.1. Rupture versus continuity
      1.3.2. Knowledge and Pragmatism
      1.3.3. From animism to civilization and last to Modernity
     The civilization of Europe = Christianity

                       A. Change as brutal rupture: Rome and Christianity
                       B. Christian evangelism critically enhanced Individualism
                       C. The impact of individualism on thinking and behaviors
                       D. Science and materialism
                       E. Innovation as rupture
                       F. The end of the road
     The civilization of China = animism+
                       A. Continuity over the long haul
                       B. Innovation within continuity
                       C. Animism+
                       D. Knowledge formation and power
                       E. China and Modernity
1.4. Conclusions
      1.4.1. lessons from the history of knowledge formation
      1.4.2. Context and knowledge

      1.4.3. pragmatism versus ideology
      1.4.4. Knowledge and free will
      1.4.5. Science and animism have different finalities
     Religion versus science
     Science and animism

                       A. The finality of science = financial surpluses for capital holders
                       B. How different worldviews affect the context humans live in.
      1.4.6. Knowledge is a product of the context
      1.4.7. Science is not a societal approximation of reality
      1.3.8. What awaits us in the future?

Chapter 2. Formation of consciousness
2.1. First principles of life
2.2. Life in its context
2.3. Knowledge and consciousness through history
2.4. General theory on the principle of life
2.5. 'Conservation - Reproduction' & the brain.
2.6. The brain and the mind
      2.6.1. The primitive instinct
      2.6.2. Discovering ourselves in a mirror
      2.6.3. The emergence of awareness
     Observations about brain-mind
     Life-brain-mind: a summary

2.7. The mind and 'Increased Complexity'
      2.7.1. Visualization of the cycle of life
     3 sets of arrows
     5 sets of polarity-plays
     A few preliminary remarks
      2.7.2. Societies and systems of knowledge
     2.7.3. Knowledge formation and acquisition of knowledge
    2.7.4. Expanded complexity

2.8. 'Increased Complexity' and ' Reproduction'
2.9. The brain and Increased Complexity
2.10. The Mind and Reproduction
2.11. Consciousness and systemic reality
2.12. Conservation and change
2.13. Lessons about the process of consciousness
      2.13.1. The context of human perception
      2.13.2. From relative to absolute consciousness
      2.13.3. The absolute consciousness of the universe
      2.13.4. Life comes with responsibilities
      2.13.5. species, societies and individuals

Chapter 3. Culture, worldviews, civilizations
3.1. The concepts throughout history
3.2. societal change: culture and the evolution of worldviews
      3.2.1. About sets and their concepts
      3.2.2. Civilization = Constitution of power societies
     Feedback loop between culture and worldviews
     Feedback loop bw worldviews and axioms of civilization

                       A. Again we need to clarify concepts
                       B. A scientific awakening
                       C. Is the axiom founding Western civilization collapsing?

Chapter 4. Governance & societal evolution
4.1. Hegemony
4.2. What is a society?
4.3. Systemic approach of society and governance
      4.3.1. Principles impacting societal evolution
     Ensembles and polarity-play

                       A. About Sets
                              B. All sets are given by
     life's urge for ever higher levels of complexity
     Knowledge formation and acquisition
     The evolution of worldviews
      4.3.2. Society is shaped by the polarities of humanity
     Pillars of society versus individual necessities
     The 5 pillars of societal houses
     The 5 individual necessities

4.4. 25 interrelations between individuals & society
4.5. Five polarity-plays bw individuals & society
      4.5.1. Societal reproduction - individual reproduction
      4.5.2. Societal cohesion - individual objective needs
      4.5.3. Conservation – change
      4.5.4. Systemic reality – consciousness
      4.5.5. Co-existence – communion

4.6. Twenty determinant interrelations 'individual- society'
      4.6.1. Societal reproduction - Individual for change
     About the urge for change
     The principle of prudence
     Answers to our Late-Modern predicament
      4.6.2. Societal reproduction – Individual satisfaction of needs
      4.6.3. Societal reproduction – Individual communion
      4.6.4. Societal reproduction – Increased Individual consciousness
      4.6.5. Societal conservation – Individual reproduction
      4.6.6. Societal conservation – Individual satisfaction of needs
      4.6.7. Societal conservation – Individual communion
      4.6.8. Societal conservation – Increased individual consciousness
      4.6.9. Societal cohesion – Individual reproduction
      4.6.10. Societal cohesion – Individual for change
      4.6.11. Societal cohesion – Individual communion
      4.6.12. Societal cohesion – Increased individual consciousness
      4.6.13. Societal coexistence – Individual reproduction
      4.6.14. Societal coexistence – Individual for change
      4.6.15. Societal coexistence – Individual satisfaction of needs
      4.6.16. Societal coexistence – Increased individual consciousness
      4.6.17. Systemic reality – Individual reproduction
      4.6.18. Systemic reality – Individual urge for change
      4.6.19. Systemic reality – Individual satisfaction of needs
      4.6.20. Systemic reality – Increased individual consciousness
     knowledge formation and acquisition
     Increased individual consciousness
     the individual urge for change

4.7. About the institutions of governance
     4.7.1. About the emergence of Western institutions
     4.7.2. About the emergence of China’s institutions

                      A. Physical
                      B Worldview and culture
    The tribal societal context and agriculture
                      A. Continuity versus rupture
                      B. Chinese continuity to empire
    The transition from Tribes to Empire
                      A. What is an empire?
                      B. 3 phases of unification in China
                      C. Concepts as axioms of civilization
                      D. Visual signs and written language
                      E. Pragmatism: daily life apps
     The Chinese Empire
                      A. Before empire: the neolithic revolution
                      B. Early empire: knowledge and sages
                      C. Middle empire: power-knowledge dynasties
                      D. Centralized empire
                      E. the republic
4.8. Conclusions
     4.8.1. Differences between China and the West
     4.8.2. Humanity’s responsibility toward life
     4.8.3. China’s responsibility in Late-Modernity

Chapter 5. About the arts
5.1. Clarification of the concept “arts”
5.2. The origins of the arts
     5.2.1. An acquired predisposition
     A biological predisposition for beauty
         An individual thirst for comfort in social interrelations
     5.2.2. Life uses the arts to ensure its reproduction
         Inaccessibility of reality to human reason
         Societal approximation of reality
         Art finds its substance in knowledge

                           A. Visual arts
                           B. Music
                           C. Dance
     5.2.3. Biological evolution to societal evolution
         Social brain hypothesis and Dunbar number
         Worldviews, rituals, and the arts
         The arts at the service of life

5.3. Evolution of the arts though history
     5.3.1. The arts under tribal societies
     5.3.2. The arts under imperial societies.

                            A. The road to power & specialization
                            B. The arts as a regulated trade
                     C. The sanctification of the arts in Early Modernity
                             A. Who are the artists?
                             B. Specialization of the different functions of the shaman
                             C. Unification through centralization & standardization
                             D. Evolution of the arts under empire
     5.3.3. The arts under Modernity.
          A rapid sketch
          No valid artistic answers
     5.3.4. The arts in Late-Modernity
          Visual art & meaning - societal sense
     An Artistic Renaissance
     Many contemporary ideas about the future.
     The future is probabilistic
          The arts as a narrative about life and reality
          The world’s Late-Modernity & the arts in China

5.4. The arts in what comes after Modernity
      5.4.1. Knowledge under After-Modernity
          The world is stuck in a European trap

                             A. Sanctification of the arts
                             B. The context that made Modernism
                             C. From Modernism to the confusion of Late-Modernity
                             D. Escaping the confusion and a Vision about the future
          Humanity is confronted with a choice
          Knowledge in After-Modernity
      5.4.2. The arts under After-Modernity
          The biological predisposition
          Individual thirst for warm social interrelations
          The principle of life
          The organic is the new worldview of After-Modernity
          The arts under After-Modernity

Chapter 6: Conclusion Summary sketch

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